Impact of nitrogen-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on phenanthrene and benzo[a]pyrene mineralisation in soil

Anyanwu, Ihuoma N. and Clifford, Ojerime I. and Semple, Kirk T. (2018) Impact of nitrogen-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on phenanthrene and benzo[a]pyrene mineralisation in soil. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 147. pp. 594-601. ISSN 0147-6513

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Abstract

When aromatic hydrocarbons are present in contaminated soils, they often occur in mixtures. The impact of four different (3-ring) nitrogen-containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (N-PAHs) on 12/14C-phenanthrene and 12/14C-benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) mineralisation in soil was investigated over a 90 d incubation period. The results revealed that both 12/14C-phenanthrene and 12/14C-benzo[a]pyrene showed no significant mineralisation in soils amended with 10 mg kg –1 and 100 mg kg –1 N-PAHs (p>0.05). However, increases in lag-phases and decreases in the rates and extents of mineralisation were observed, over time. Among the N-PAHs, benzo[h]quinoline impacted 14C-phenanthrene mineralisation with extended and diauxic lag phases. Furthermore,12/14C-B[a]P and 14C-benzo[a]pyrene–nitrogen-containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (14C-B[a]P-N-PAHs) amended soils showed extensive lag phases (> 21 d); with some 14C-B[a]P-N-PAH mineralisation recording <1% in both concentrations (10 mg kg –1 and 100 mg kg –1), over time. This study suggests that the presence of N-PAHs in contaminated soil may impact the microbial degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and the impact was most likely the result of limited success in achieving absolute biodegradation of some PAHs in soil.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 147, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.09.019
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2307
Subjects:
ID Code:
88234
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Nov 2017 12:56
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
31 Mar 2020 05:00