Learned Predictiveness Effects in Humans:A Function of Learning, Performance, or Both?

Le Pelley, M.E. and Suret, M.B. and Beesley, T. (2009) Learned Predictiveness Effects in Humans:A Function of Learning, Performance, or Both? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 35 (3). pp. 312-327. ISSN 0097-7403

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Abstract

[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 36(1) of Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes (see record 2010-02315-003). In the article “Learned predictiveness effects in humans: A function of learning, performance, or both?” by M. E. Le Pelley, M. B. Suret, and T. Beesley (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 35, 312–327), an incorrect equation was printed. The correct version of Equation 2 is: Δαp > 0 if |λ - Vp|< |λ - VQ| and Δαp< 0 if |λ - Vp| > |λ - VQ|.] Many previous studies of animal and human learning indicate a processing advantage for cues previously experienced as good predictors of outcomes over those experienced as poorer predictors. Four studies of human associative learning investigated whether learned predictiveness acts at the level of learning (modulating the rate at which cue–outcome associations form), performance (modulating the strength of behavioral responses), or both. In Experiments 1–3, it was found that retrospectively altering the learned predictiveness of cues influenced responding to those cues, demonstrating that learned predictiveness influences performance. Experiment 4 indicates that learned predictiveness also influences learning by demonstrating that the learned predictiveness of a cue affects the acquisition of an association between a novel cue and the outcome with which it is paired.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
Additional Information:
cited By 17
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
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ID Code:
88051
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Deposited On:
06 Oct 2017 19:38
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 May 2020 05:19