Out of control:An associative account of congruency effects in sequence learning

Beesley, T. and Jones, F.W. and Shanks, D.R. (2012) Out of control:An associative account of congruency effects in sequence learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 21 (1). pp. 413-421. ISSN 1053-8100

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The demonstration of a sequential congruency effect in sequence learning has been offered as evidence for control processes that act to inhibit automatic response tendencies (Jiménez, Lupiáñez, & Vaquero, 2009) via unconscious conflict monitoring. Here we propose an alternative interpretation of this effect based on the associative learning of chains of sequenced contingencies. This account is supported by simulations with a Simple Recurrent Network, an associative (connectionist) model of sequence learning. We argue that the control- and associative-based accounts differ in their predictions concerning the magnitude of the sequential congruency effect across training. These predictions are tested by reanalysing data from a study by Shanks, Wilkinson, and Channon (2003). The results support the associative learning account which explains the sequential congruency effect without appealing to control processes (either conscious or unconscious).

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Journal Article
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Consciousness and Cognition
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cited By 2
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06 Oct 2017 19:38
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 05:03