Relative salience versus relative validity:Cue salience influences blocking in human associative learning

Le Pelley, M.E. and Beesley, T. and Griffiths, O. (2014) Relative salience versus relative validity:Cue salience influences blocking in human associative learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 40 (1). pp. 116-132. ISSN 0097-7403

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Abstract

Two studies of human contingency learning investigated the influence of stimulus salience on the cue competition effect of blocking. These studies demonstrated that blocking (defined as a difference in responding to blocked and control cues) was greater for target cues that had high “semantic salience” than those of lower salience. Moreover participants showed weaker responding to high salience blocked cues than low salience blocked cues, but a corresponding difference was not observed for control cues. These findings suggest that the influence of relative salience on associative learning depends on the relative validity of the cues in question. Use of eye tracking in Experiment 2 demonstrated that participants’ overt attention to cues was also influenced by both relative salience and relative validity. We describe three associative learning models, based on the attentional theory proposed by Mackintosh (1975), that are able to account for our key findings.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
Additional Information:
cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
ID Code:
88042
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Oct 2017 19:38
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Oct 2020 07:32