Pre-exposure of repeated search configurations facilitates subsequent contextual cuing of visual search

Beesley, T. and Vadillo, M.A. and Pearson, D. and Shanks, D.R. (2015) Pre-exposure of repeated search configurations facilitates subsequent contextual cuing of visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 41 (2). pp. 348-362. ISSN 1939-1285

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Abstract

Contextual cuing is the enhancement of visual search when the configuration of distractors has been experienced previously. It has been suggested that contextual cuing relies on associative learning between the distractor locations and the target position. Four experiments examined the effect of pre-exposing configurations of consistent distractors on subsequent contextual cuing. The findings demonstrate a facilitation of subsequent cuing for pre-exposed configurations compared to novel configurations that have not been pre-exposed. This facilitation suggests that learning of repeated visual search patterns involves acquisition of not just distractor–target associations but also associations between distractors within the search context, an effect that is not captured by the Brady and Chun (2007) connectionist model of contextual cuing. We propose a new connectionist model of contextual cuing that learns associations between repeated distractor stimuli, enabling it to predict an effect of pre-exposure on contextual cuing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Additional Information: cited By 5
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 88040
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 06 Oct 2017 19:38
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 03:39
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/88040

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