Engineering photosynthesis:progress and perspectives

Orr, Douglas John and Pereira, Auderlan and da Fonseca Pereira, Paula and Pereira-Lima, Italo and Zsogon, Agustin and Araujo, Wagner (2017) Engineering photosynthesis:progress and perspectives. F1000Prime Reports, 6. ISSN 2051-7599

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Photosynthesis is the basis of primary productivity on the planet. Crop breeding has achieved spectacular progress in keeping up yields with population growth and disproving Malthusian theory. Yet most of those advances were not the result of improving the photosynthetic process per se, but rather of altering the way carbon is partitioned within the plant body. Although traditional plant breeding has significantly boosted crop yield, this approach will eventually cease to be a viable option and a ‘potential yield ceiling’ will be reached in the foreseeable future. Further increases in yield will then probably rely on the targeted manipulation of more fundamental plant processes. Photosynthesis is one such candidate pathway, whose engineering could have a transformative influence on our current approach to crop breeding. Here, we summarize recent advances on various alternative avenues for the manipulation and enhancement of photosynthesis and their possible application for crop improvement.

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F1000Prime Reports
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06 Oct 2017 19:31
Last Modified:
17 Sep 2023 02:07