Definition and recommendations for advance care planning : an international consensus supported by the European Association for Palliative Care

Rietjens, Judith A C and Sudore, Rebecca L and Connolly, Michael and van Delden, Johannes J and Drickamer, Margaret A and Droger, Mirjam and van der Heide, Agnes and Heyland, Daren K and Houttekier, Dirk and Janssen, Daisy J A and Orsi, Luciano and Payne, Sheila and Seymour, Jane and Jox, Ralf J and Korfage, Ida J (2017) Definition and recommendations for advance care planning : an international consensus supported by the European Association for Palliative Care. Lancet Oncology, 18 (9). e543-e551. ISSN 1470-2045

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Advance care planning (ACP) is increasingly implemented in oncology and beyond, but a definition of ACP and recommendations concerning its use are lacking. We used a formal Delphi consensus process to help develop a definition of ACP and provide recommendations for its application. Of the 109 experts (82 from Europe, 16 from North America, and 11 from Australia) who rated the ACP definitions and its 41 recommendations, agreement for each definition or recommendation was between 68–100%. ACP was defined as the ability to enable individuals to define goals and preferences for future medical treatment and care, to discuss these goals and preferences with family and health-care providers, and to record and review these preferences if appropriate. Recommendations included the adaptation of ACP based on the readiness of the individual; targeting ACP content as the individual's health condition worsens; and, using trained non-physician facilitators to support the ACP process. We present a list of outcome measures to enable the pooling and comparison of results of ACP studies. We believe that our recommendations can provide guidance for clinical practice, ACP policy, and research.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Lancet Oncology
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in The Lancet Onocology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in The Lancet Oncology, 18, 9, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/S1470-2045(17)30582-X
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?? oncology ??
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Deposited On:
05 Sep 2017 08:54
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 17:10