Aircraft study of Mountain Chimney Effect of Beijing, China

Chen, Ying and Zhao, Chunsheng and Zhang, Qiang and Deng, Zhaoze and Huang, Mengyu and Ma, Xincheng (2009) Aircraft study of Mountain Chimney Effect of Beijing, China. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (D8). ISSN 2156-2202

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[1] In this paper, the three-dimensional distribution of air pollutants in the Beijing region using aircraft measurements is reported, and Mountain Chimney Effect (MCE) on the distribution of air pollutants in this region is studied. A remarkable two-pollution-layer structure was observed by aircraft measurement in Beijing on 18 August 2007. Gaseous and particle pollutants were well mixed with high concentrations in the planetary boundary layer. There was an elevated pollution layer (EPL) at the altitude of 2500–3500 m, and the concentrations of pollutants were high and comparable with that in the planetary boundary layer. Analysis of aircraft measurement indicates that pollutants in the two pollution layers originated from the same source. On the basis of analysis of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-TRACER model and wind profile data, the formation of EPL is discussed. The wind flow of Beijing region was dominated by mountain-valley breeze, which has MCE on the distribution of pollutants in this region. Air pollutants were injected from the planetary boundary layer into the free troposphere due to this effect. These pollutants were subsequently transported back over the city by the elevated northerly wind. Thus the structure of two pollution layers over Beijing is formed. Modeling results show that the persistence of a polluted layer over the boundary layer from the previous day has significant contribution to the surface concentrations of pollutants. When the mixing depth increases, the elevated pollutants are recaptured into planetary boundary layer and mixed downward. The rapid increase of surface concentrations of pollutants may be attributed to the vertical down-mixing of pollutants.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research
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Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? pollution: urban and regional, troposphere: composition and chemistry, troposphere: constituent transport and chemistry, mountain-valley breezes, mountain chimney effect, beijing, aircraft, ozone, aerosolearth and planetary sciences (miscellaneous)geophys ??
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19 Jul 2017 13:24
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 17:06