Transition into adult care : factors associated with level of preparedness among adolescents living with HIV in Cambodia

Yi, Siyan and Ngin, Chanrith and Pal, Khuondyla and Khol, Vohith and Tuot, Sovannary and Sau, Sokunmealiny and Chhoun, Pheak and Mburu, Gitau and Choub, Sok Chamreun and Chhim, Kolab and Ly, Penhsun (2017) Transition into adult care : factors associated with level of preparedness among adolescents living with HIV in Cambodia. AIDS Research and Therapy, 14: 33. ISSN 1742-6405

Full text not available from this repository.


Background Preparing adolescents for transition into adult care and supporting their acquisition of self-health care management skills is a critical determinant of their post-transition HIV care outcomes. However, there is a scarcity of research on effective transition strategies. This study explores factors associated with adolescent preparedness for transition into adult care in Cambodia. Methods In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 223 adolescents living with HIV aged 15–17, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy clinics, utilizing a structured questionnaire. The level of preparedness was determined using a pre-existing scale, and adolescents were categorized as having a high- or low level of preparedness for transition. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Results Of 223 adolescents, 55.2% were male, and their mean age was 15.8 years. Overall, 53.3% had a high level of preparedness for transition. As part of the transition protocol, 2.7% had completed a transfer form, 24.7% had a transition case manager, 29.6% had been counselled about the transition, and 19.7% had visited an adult ART clinic. In multivariate analysis, a higher level of preparedness for transition was independently associated with older age (AOR 2.44, 95% CI 1.34–4.46; p = 0.004), family having received social support for their health (AOR 5.32, 95% CI 1.97–14.36; p = 0.001), knowing the kind of treatment they received (ART) (AOR 12.67, 95% CI 2.91–15.19; p = 0.001), trust in friends or family for HIV treatment (AOR 7.82, 95% CI 1.13–8.89; p = 0.008), receiving counseling on transition (AOR 3.17, 95% CI 1.15–8.76; p = 0.03), having a ‘Case Manager’ identified to support them during the preparation process for transition (AOR 3.89, 95% CI 1.08–13.96; p = 0.04), and satisfaction with preparation process for transition in general (AOR 0.35, 95% CI 0.03–0.87; p = 0.01). Conclusions A range of individual, social and health system and services factors may determine successful transition preparedness among adolescents in Cambodia. Strengthening implementation of age-appropriate and individualized case management transition at all sites, while creating supportive family, peer, and healthcare environments for adolescent transition is required.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
AIDS Research and Therapy
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? adolescentshivcambodiacare and treatmenttransitionaidsvirologymolecular medicinecontributions to practice ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Jul 2017 12:18
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 17:06