Ward social workers’ views of what facilitates or hinders collaboration with specialist palliative care team social workers:a grounded theory

Firn, Janice and Preston, Nancy Jean and Walshe, Catherine Elizabeth (2017) Ward social workers’ views of what facilitates or hinders collaboration with specialist palliative care team social workers:a grounded theory. BMC Palliative Care, 17. ISSN 1472-684X

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Abstract

Background Inpatient, generalist social workers in discharge planning roles work alongside specialist palliative care social workers to care for patients, often resulting in two social workers being concurrently involved in the same patient’s care. Previous studies identifying components of effective collaboration, which impacts patient outcomes, care efficiency, professional job satisfaction, and healthcare costs, were conducted with nurses and physicians but not social workers. This study explores ward social workers’ perceptions of what facilitates or hinders collaboration with palliative care social workers. Methods Grounded theory was used to explore the research aim. In-depth qualitative interviews with masters trained ward social workers (n = 14) working in six hospitals located in the Midwest, United States were conducted between February 2014 and January 2015. A theoretical model of ward social workers’ collaboration with palliative care social workers was developed. Results The emerging model of collaboration consists of: 1) trust, which is comprised of a) ability, b) benevolence, and c) integrity, 2) information sharing, and 3) role negotiation. Effective collaboration occurs when all elements of the model are present. Conclusion Collaboration is facilitated when ward social workers’ perceptions of trust are high, pertinent information is communicated in a time-sensitive manner, and a flexible approach to roles is taken. The theoretical model of collaboration can inform organisational policy and social work clinical practice guidelines, and may be of use to other healthcare professionals, as improvements in collaboration among healthcare providers may have a positive impact on patient outcomes.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
BMC Palliative Care
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
87063
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Jul 2017 03:41
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Dec 2020 04:48