Intensified and safe ozonolysis of fatty acid methyl esters in liquid CO2 in a continuous reactor

Lundin, Michael D. and Danby, Andrew M. and Akien, Geoffrey R. and Venkitasubramanian, Padmesh and Martin, Kevin J. and Busch, Daryle H. and Subramaniam, Bala (2017) Intensified and safe ozonolysis of fatty acid methyl esters in liquid CO2 in a continuous reactor. AIChE Journal, 63 (7). pp. 2819-2826. ISSN 0001-1541

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Abstract

We demonstrate a continuous reactor for performing the ozonolysis of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) using liquid CO2 as solvent. The fast reaction kinetics allows the use of small-volume reactors to completely convert the FAMEs, forming secondary ozonides as the primary products. The short residence times also help maximize the yields of the secondary ozonides by minimizing over-oxidation and the formation of oligomeric products. The liquid CO2 medium promotes safe reactor operation by providing an essential fraction of overall reactor cooling and by diluting the vapor phase organics. We also demonstrate a continuous stirred reactor for the safe thermal decomposition of the secondary ozonides to their corresponding acids and aldehydes. Using a lumped kinetic model for the thermal decomposition of the ozonolysis products, we estimate activation energy values of 108.6 +/- 0.6 kJ mol(-1) for the decomposition of secondary ozonides and 122 +/- 3 kJ mol(-1) for the decomposition of the undesired oligomeric species. (c) 2017 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 63: 2819-2826, 2017

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
AIChE Journal
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Lundin, M. D., Danby, A. M., Akien, G. R., Venkitasubramanian, P., Martin, K. J., Busch, D. H. and Subramaniam, B. (2017), Intensified and safe ozonolysis of fatty acid methyl esters in liquid CO2 in a continuous reactor. AIChE J., 63: 2819–2826. doi:10.1002/aic.15630 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aic.15630/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2305
Subjects:
ID Code:
87046
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Jul 2017 12:58
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Jul 2020 06:47