Remediation of 137Cs Contaminated Concrete Using Electrokinetic Phenomena and Ionic Salt Washes in Nuclear Energy Contexts

Parker, Andrew James and Joyce, Malcolm John and Boxall, Colin (2017) Remediation of 137Cs Contaminated Concrete Using Electrokinetic Phenomena and Ionic Salt Washes in Nuclear Energy Contexts. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 340. pp. 454-462. ISSN 0304-3894

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Abstract

This work describes the first known the use of electrokinetic treatments and ionic salt washes to remediate concrete contaminated with 137Cs. A series of experiments were performed on concrete samples, contaminated with K+ and 137Cs, using a bespoke migration cell and an applied electric field (60 V potential gradient and current limit of 35 mA). Additionally, two samples were treated with an ionic salt wash (≤400 mol m−3 of KCl) alongside the electrokinetic treatment. The results show that the combined treatment produces removal efficiencies three times higher (>60%) than the electrokinetic treatment alone and that the decontamination efficiency appears to be proportional to the initial degree of contamination. Furthermore, the decontamination efficiencies are equivalent to previous electrokinetic studies that utilised hazardous chemical enhancement agents demonstrating the potential of the technique for use on nuclear licensed site. The results highlight the relationship between the initial contamination concentration within the concrete and achievable removal efficiency of electrokinetic treatment and other treatments. This information would be useful when selecting the most appropriate decontamination techniques for particular contamination scenarios.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Hazardous Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Hazardous Materials, 340, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.07.007
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2311
Subjects:
ID Code:
87026
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Jul 2017 12:22
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Sep 2020 04:42