Controlling for prior attainment reduces the positive influence that single-gender classroom initiatives exert on high school students' scholastic achievements

Pennington, Charlotte Rebecca and Kaye, Linda K. and Qureshi, Adam W. and Heim, Derek (2018) Controlling for prior attainment reduces the positive influence that single-gender classroom initiatives exert on high school students' scholastic achievements. Sex Roles, 78 (5-6). pp. 385-393. ISSN 0360-0025

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Abstract

Research points to the positive impact that gender-segregated schooling and classroom initiatives exert on academic attainment. An evaluation of these studies which reveal positive effects highlights, however, that students are typically selectively assigned to single- or mixed-gender instructional settings, presenting a methodological confound. The current study controls for students’ prior attainment to appraise the efficacy of a single-gender classroom initiative implemented in a co-educational high school in the United Kingdom. Secondary data analysis (using archived data) was performed on 266 middle-ability, 11–12 year-old students’ standardized test scores in Languages (English, foreign language), STEM-related (Mathematics, Science, Information and Communication Technology), and Non-STEM subjects (art, music, drama). Ninety-eight students (54, 55% female) were taught in single-gender and 168 (69, 41% female) in mixed-gender classrooms. Students undertook identical tests irrespective of classroom type, which were graded in accordance with U.K national curriculum guidelines. Controlling for students’ prior attainment, findings indicate that students do not appear to benefit from being taught in single-gender relative to mixed-gender classrooms in Language and STEM-related subjects. Young women benefitted from being taught in mixed-gender relative to single-gender classes for Non-STEM subjects. However, when prior ability is not controlled for, the intervention appears to be effective for all school subjects, highlighting the confounding influence of selective admissions. These findings suggest that gender-segregated classroom initiatives may not bolster students’ grades. It is argued that studies that do not control for selection effects may tell us little about the effectiveness of such interventions on scholastic achievement.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Sex Roles
Additional Information:
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-017-0799-y
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3204
Subjects:
ID Code:
86809
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Jun 2017 09:16
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Nov 2020 04:33