Norms and normalisation : understanding LGBTQ youth, suicidality and help-seeking

McDermott, Elizabeth Sarah and Hughes, Elizabeth and Rawlings, Victoria Elizabeth (2018) Norms and normalisation : understanding LGBTQ youth, suicidality and help-seeking. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 20 (2). pp. 156-172. ISSN 1369-1058

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Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer transgender have elevated rates of suicidality. Despite the increased risk, there is a paucity of research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer help-seeking and suicidality. We report on a UK sequential exploratory, two-stage, mixed-method study. Stage 1 involved 29 online and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth aged 16–25 years old. Stage 2 utilised an online youth questionnaire employing a community-based sampling strategy (n = 789). Results indicated that participants only asked for help when they reached a crisis point because they were normalising their emotional distress. Those who self-harmed, had attempted or planned suicide or had experience of abuse related to their sexuality or gender were most likely to seek help. Results suggested that the reluctance to seek help was due to three interconnecting factors: negotiating sexuality, gender, mental health and age norms; being unable to talk about emotions; and coping and self-reliance. Policies aiming to prevent lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth suicide recognise that norms and normalising processes connected to sexual orientation and gender identity are additional difficulties that youth have accessing mental health support.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Culture, Health and Sexuality
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? youthsexualitygender suicidehelp-seekinghealth(social science)public health, environmental and occupational health ??
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Deposited On:
12 Jun 2017 10:58
Last Modified:
28 Nov 2023 10:49