Measurement of soil lead bioavailability and influence of soil types and properties : a review

Yan, Kaihong and Dong, Zhaomin and Wijayawardena, Ayanka and Liu, Yanju and Naidu, Ravi and Semple, Kirk Taylor (2017) Measurement of soil lead bioavailability and influence of soil types and properties : a review. Chemosphere. ISSN 0045-6535

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Lead (Pb) is a widespread heavy metal which is harmful to human health, especially to young children. To provide a human health risk assessment that is more relevant to real conditions, Pb bioavailability in soils is increasingly employed in the assessment procedure. Both in vivo and in vitro measurements for lead bioavailability are available. In vivo models are time- consuming and expensive, while in vitro models are rapid, economic, reproducible, and reliable while involving more uncertainties. Uncertainties in various measurements create difficulties in accurately predicting Pb bioavailability, resulting in the unnecessary remediation of sites. In this critical review, we utilised available data from in vivo and in vitro studies to identify the key parameters influencing the in vitro measurements, and presented uncertainties existing in Pb bioavailability measurements. Soil type, properties and metal content are reported to influence lead bioavailability; however, the differences in methods for assessing bioavailability and the differences in Pb source limit one’s ability to conduct statistical analyses on influences of soil factors on Pb bioavailability. The information provided in the review is fundamentally useful for the measurement of bioavailability and risk assessment practices.

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Journal Article
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This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Chemosphere. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Chemosphere, ??, ??, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.143
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? soilin vivoin vitroleadbioavailabilityuncertaintiescontentsenvironmental chemistrychemistry(all) ??
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25 May 2017 15:58
Last Modified:
31 Dec 2023 00:49