Molecular heterogeneity at the network level:high-dimensional testing, clustering and a TCGA case study

Staedler, Nicolas and Dondelinger, Frank and Hill, Steven and Akbani, Rehan and Lu, Yiling and Mills, Gordon and Mukherjee, Sach (2017) Molecular heterogeneity at the network level:high-dimensional testing, clustering and a TCGA case study. Bioinformatics, 33 (18). pp. 2890-2896. ISSN 1367-4803

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Motivation: Molecular pathways and networks play a key role in basic and disease biology. An emerging notion is that networks encoding patterns of molecular interplay may themselves differ between contexts, such as cell type, tissue or disease (sub)type. However, while statistical testing of differences in mean expression levels has been extensively studied, testing of network differences remains challenging.Furthermore, since network differences could provide important and biologically interpretable information to identify molecular subgroups, there is a need to consider the unsupervised task of learning subgroups and networks that define them. This is a nontrivial clustering problem, with neither subgroups nor subgroup-specific networks known at the outset. Results: We leverage recent ideas from high-dimensional statistics for testing and clustering in the network biology setting. The methods we describe can be applied directly to most continuous molecular measurements and networks do not need to be specified beforehand. We illustrate the ideas and methods in a case study using protein data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). This provides evidence that patterns of interplay between signalling proteins differ significantly between cancer types. Furthermore, we show how the proposed approaches can be used to learn subtypes and the molecular networks that define them. Availability: As the Bioconductor package nethet.

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17 May 2017 10:32
Last Modified:
15 Sep 2023 00:34