Fingerprinting microbiomes towards screening for microbial antibiotic resistance

Jin, Naifu and Zhang, Dayi and Martin, Francis L. (2017) Fingerprinting microbiomes towards screening for microbial antibiotic resistance. Integrative Biology, 9 (5). pp. 406-417. ISSN 1757-9694

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Abstract

There is an increasing need to investigate microbiomes in their entirety in a variety of contexts ranging from environmental to human health scenarios. This requirement is becoming increasingly important with the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In general, more conventional approaches are too expensive and/or time-consuming and often predicated on prior knowledge of the microorganisms one wishes to study. Herein, we propose the use of biospectroscopy tools as relatively high-throughput, non-destructive approaches to profile microbiomes under study. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) or Raman spectroscopy both generate fingerprint spectra of biological material and such spectra can readily be subsequently classed according to biochemical changes in the microbiota, such as emergence of antibiotic resistance. FTIR spectroscopy techniques generally can only be applied to desiccated material whereas Raman approaches can be applied to more hydrated samples. The ability to readily fingerprint microbiomes could lend itself to new approaches in determining microbial behaviours and emergence of antibiotic resistance.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Integrative Biology
Additional Information:
This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2017
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1303
Subjects:
ID Code:
86301
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 May 2017 02:36
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2020 04:53