What controls the local time extent of flux transfer events?

Milan, S. E. and Imber, S. M. and Carter, J. A. and Walach, M. T. and Hubert, B. (2016) What controls the local time extent of flux transfer events? Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (2). pp. 1391-1401. ISSN 2169-9380

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Abstract

Flux transfer events (FTEs) are the manifestation of bursty and/or patchy magnetic reconnection at the magnetopause. We compare two sequences of the ionospheric signatures of flux transfer events observed in global auroral imagery and coherent ionospheric radar measurements. Both sequences were observed during very similar seasonal and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions, though with differing solar wind speed. A key observation is that the signatures differed considerably in their local time extent. The two periods are 26 August 1998, when the IMF had components BZ≈-10 nT and BY≈9 nT and the solar wind speed was VX≈650 km s-1, and 31 August 2005, IMF BZ≈-7 nT, BY≈17 nT, and VX≈380 km s-1. In the first case, the reconnection rate was estimated to be near 160 kV, and the FTE signatures extended across at least 7 h of magnetic local time (MLT) of the dayside polar cap boundary. In the second, a reconnection rate close to 80 kV was estimated, and the FTEs had a MLT extent of roughly 2 h. We discuss the ramifications of these differences for solar wind-magnetosphere coupling.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1911
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 86282
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 13 May 2017 02:35
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2019 08:48
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/86282

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