Measuring the speed of the conscious components of recognition memory: Remembering is faster than knowing.

Dewhurst, Stephen A. and Holmes, Selina J. and Brandt, Karen R. and Dean, Graham M. (2005) Measuring the speed of the conscious components of recognition memory: Remembering is faster than knowing. Consciousness and Cognition, 15 (1). pp. 147-162. ISSN 1053-8100

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Abstract

Three experiments investigated response times (RTs) for remember and know responses in recognition memory. RTs to remember responses were faster than RTs to know responses, regardless of whether the remember–know decision was preceded by an old/new decision (two-step procedure) or was made without a preceding old/new decision (one-step procedure). The finding of faster RTs for R responses was also found when remember–know decisions were made retrospectively. These findings are inconsistent with dual-process models of recognition memory, which predict that recollection is slower and more effortful than familiarity. Word frequency did not influence RTs, but remember responses were faster for words than for nonwords. We argue that the difference in RTs to remember and know responses reflects the time taken to make old/new decisions on the basis of the type of information activated at test.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Consciousness and Cognition
Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Consiousness and Cognition, 15 (1), 2005, © ELSEVIER.
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/bf
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 859
Deposited By: Dr Steve Dewhurst
Deposited On: 19 Dec 2007 16:56
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2019 00:45
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/859

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