Prevalence of constipation in people with intellectual disabilities:a systematic review

Robertson, Janet Margaret and Baines, Susannah May Johnston and Emerson, Eric Broughton and Hatton, Christopher Rowan (2018) Prevalence of constipation in people with intellectual disabilities:a systematic review. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 43 (4). pp. 392-406. ISSN 1366-8250

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Abstract

Background. Constipation can lead to serious health issues and death. This systematic review summarises international research pertaining to the prevalence of constipation in people with intellectual disability. Method. Studies published from 1990 to January 2016 were identified using Medline, Cinahl, PsycINFO, Web of Science, email requests, and cross-citations. Studies were reviewed narratively. Results. 31 studies were identified. Constipation rates of 50% or more were reported in 14 studies; 21 studies reported rates over 33%. Based on the most representative study, over 25% of people with intellectual disability received a repeat prescription for laxatives in one year, compared to 0.1% of people without intellectual disability. Constipation was more common in those with cerebral palsy and profound intellectual disability, and associated with immobility but not age. Conclusion. Constipation is a significant issue for people with intellectual disability across the life course and should be actively considered as a diagnosis in this population.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability
Additional Information:
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 43, 4, on 2018, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/13668250.2017.1310829
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200
Subjects:
ID Code:
85777
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Apr 2017 12:24
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Sep 2020 04:33