Subtle effects of environmental stress observed in the early life stages of the Common frog, Rana temporaria

Strong, Becky and Martin, Francis Luke and Jones, Kevin Christopher and Shore, Richard Francis and Halsall, Crispin James (2017) Subtle effects of environmental stress observed in the early life stages of the Common frog, Rana temporaria. Scientific Reports, 7: 44438. ISSN 2045-2322

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Worldwide amphibian populations are declining due to habitat loss, disease and pollution. Vulnerability to environmental contaminants such as pesticides will be dependent on the species, the sensitivity of the ontogenic life stage and hence the timing of exposure and the exposure pathway. Herein we investigated the biochemical tissue ‘fingerprint’ in spawn and early-stage tadpoles of the Common frog, Rana temporaria, using attenuated total reflection-Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy with the objective of observing differences in the biochemical constituents of the respective amphibian tissues due to varying water quality in urban and agricultural ponds. Our results demonstrate that levels of stress (marked by biochemical constituents such as glycogen that are involved in compensatory metabolic mechanisms) can be observed in tadpoles present in the pond most impacted by pollution (nutrients and pesticides), but large annual variability masked any inter-site differences in the frog spawn. ATR-FTIR spectroscopy is capable of detecting differences in tadpoles that are present in selected ponds with different levels of environmental perturbation and thus serves as a rapid and cost effective tool in assessing stress-related effects of pollution in a vulnerable class of organism.

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Journal Article
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Scientific Reports
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Deposited On:
22 Mar 2017 09:36
Last Modified:
07 Apr 2024 23:40