Military governments, the ISI and political hybridity in contemporary Pakistan:from independence to Musharraf

Mukherjee, Kunal (2017) Military governments, the ISI and political hybridity in contemporary Pakistan:from independence to Musharraf. Journal of Intelligence History, 16 (2). pp. 172-193. ISSN 2169-5601

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Abstract

While most analysts have tended to view Pakistan’s domestic politics and political system as authoritarian and label it as a military dictatorship, this article highlights the concept of political ‘hybridity’. Emphasising the potential for more democratic elements from within Pakistani society in relation to politics, the article traces interactions that have taken place in the interface between democratic forces and authoritarian/military elements. Using the concept of political hybridity and ‘hybrid government’ brings to light the inherent complexities and potential contradictions of interactions between democratic forces and authoritarian elements in Pakistan, from the Ayub era soon after independence to the more recent times of Musharraf.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Intelligence History
Additional Information:
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Intelligence History on 07/04/2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/16161262.2017.1309172
Subjects:
ID Code:
85636
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Mar 2017 16:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Nov 2020 04:33