Improving bank erosion modelling at catchment scale by incorporating temporal and spatial variability

Janes, Victoria and Holman, Ian P. and Birkinshaw, Stephen and O'Donnell, Greg and Kilsby, C. G. (2018) Improving bank erosion modelling at catchment scale by incorporating temporal and spatial variability. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 43 (1). pp. 124-133. ISSN 0197-9337

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Abstract

Bank erosion can contribute a significant portion of the sediment budget within temperate catchments, yet few catchment scale models include an explicit representation of bank erosion processes. Furthermore, representation is often simplistic resulting in an inability to capture realistic spatial and temporal variability in simulated bank erosion. In this study, the sediment component of the catchment scale model SHETRAN is developed to incorporate key factors influencing the spatio-temporal rate of bank erosion, due to the effects of channel sinuosity and channel bank vegetation. The model is applied to the Eden catchment, north-west England, and validated using data derived from a GIS methodology. The developed model simulates magnitudes of total catchment annual bank erosion (617 - 4063 t yr-1) within the range of observed values (211 - 4426 t yr-1). Additionally the model provides both greater inter-annual and spatial variability of bank eroded sediment generation when compared with the basic model, and indicates a potential 61% increase of bank eroded sediment as a result of temporal flood clustering. The approach developed within this study can be used within a number of distributed hydrologic models and has general applicability to temperate catchments, yet further development of model representation of bank erosion processes is required.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Janes, V., Holman, I., Birkinshaw, S., O'Donnell, G., and Kilsby, C. (2018) Improving bank erosion modelling at catchment scale by incorporating temporal and spatial variability. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, 43: 124–133. doi: 10.1002/esp.4149 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/esp.4149/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3305
Subjects:
ID Code:
85494
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Mar 2017 11:54
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Sep 2020 03:29