Conserved fever pathways across vertebrates:a herpesvirus expressed decoy TNF-α receptor delays behavioral fever in fish

Rakus, Krzysztof and Ronsmans, Maygane and Forlenza, Maria and Boutier, Maxime and Piazzon, M. Carla and Jazowiecka-Rakus, Joanna and Gatherer, Derek and Athanasiadis, Alekos and Farnir, Frédéric and Davison, Andrew J. and Boudinot, Pierre and Michiels, Thomas and Wiegertjes, Geert F. and Vanderplasschen, Alain (2017) Conserved fever pathways across vertebrates:a herpesvirus expressed decoy TNF-α receptor delays behavioral fever in fish. Cell Host and Microbe, 21 (2). pp. 244-253. ISSN 1931-3128

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Abstract

Both endotherms and ectotherms (e.g., fish) increase their body temperature to limit pathogen infection. Ectotherms do so by moving to warmer places, hence the term “behavioral fever.” We studied the manifestation of behavioral fever in the common carp infected by cyprinid herpesvirus 3, a native carp pathogen. Carp maintained at 24°C died from the infection, whereas those housed in multi-chamber tanks encompassing a 24°C–32°C gradient migrated transiently to the warmest compartment and survived as a consequence. Behavioral fever manifested only at advanced stages of infection. Consistent with this, expression of CyHV-3 ORF12, encoding a soluble decoy receptor for TNF-α, delayed the manifestation of behavioral fever and promoted CyHV-3 replication in the context of a temperature gradient. Injection of anti-TNF-α neutralizing antibodies suppressed behavioral fever, and decreased fish survival in response to infection. This study provides a unique example of how viruses have evolved to alter host behavior to increase fitness.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Cell Host and Microbe
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2400
Subjects:
ID Code:
84663
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Feb 2017 16:58
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 Sep 2020 03:57