Sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for the massive cluster galaxies in XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39

Chan, Jeffrey C C and Beifiori, Alessandra and Trevor Mendel, J. and Saglia, Roberto P. and Bender, Ralf and Fossati, Matteo and Galametz, Audrey and Wegner, Michael and Wilman, David J. and Cappellari, Michele and Davies, Roger L. and Houghton, Ryan C W and Prichard, Laura J. and Lewis, Ian J. and Sharples, Ray and Stott, John P. (2016) Sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for the massive cluster galaxies in XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 458 (3). pp. 3181-3209. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We analyse the sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for 36 massive and passive galaxies in the cluster XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39 using optical and near-infrared Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging. We derive light-weighted Sérsic fits in five HST bands (i775, z850, Y105, J125, H160), and find that the size decreases by ~20 per cent going from i775 to H160 band, consistent with recent studies. We then generate spatially resolved stellar mass maps using an empirical relationship between M*/LH160 and (z850- H160) and use these to derive mass-weighted Sérsic fits: the mass-weighted sizes are ~41 per cent smaller than their rest-frame r-band counterparts compared with an average of ~12 per cent at z ~ 0. We attribute this evolution to the evolution in the M*/LH160 and colour gradient. Indeed, as expected, the ratio of mass-weighted to light-weighted size is correlated with the M*/L gradient, but is also mildly correlated with the mass surface density and mass-weighted size. The colour gradients (∇z- H) are mostly negative, with a median value of ~0.45 mag dex-1, twice the local value. The evolution is caused by an evolution in age gradients along the semimajor axis (a), with ∇age = dlog (age)/dlog (a) ~- 0.33, while the survival of weaker colour gradients in old, local galaxies implies that metallicity gradients are also required, with ∇Z = dlog (Z)/dlog (a) ~- 0.2. This is consistent with recent observational evidence for the inside-out growth of passive galaxies at high redshift, and favours a gradual mass growth mechanism, such as minor mergers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Information: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Jeffrey C. C. Chan, Alessandra Beifiori, J. Trevor Mendel, Roberto P. Saglia, Ralf Bender, Matteo Fossati, Audrey Galametz, Michael Wegner, David J. Wilman, Michele Cappellari, Roger L. Davies, Ryan C. W. Houghton, Laura J. Prichard, Ian J. Lewis, Ray Sharples, John P. Stott; Sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for the massive cluster galaxies in XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 458, Issue 3, 21 May 2016, Pages 3181–3209, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw502 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/mnras/stw502
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 84538
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 02 Feb 2017 16:58
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 00:58
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/84538

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