Evaluating social and ecological vulnerability of coral reef fisheries to climate change

Cinner, Joshua E. and Huchery, Cindy and Darling, Emily S. and Humphries, Austin T. and Graham, Nicholas A. J. and Hicks, Christina C. and Marshall, Nadine and McClanahan, Tim R. (2013) Evaluating social and ecological vulnerability of coral reef fisheries to climate change. PLoS ONE, 8 (9). ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

There is an increasing need to evaluate the links between the social and ecological dimensions of human vulnerability to climate change. We use an empirical case study of 12 coastal communities and associated coral reefs in Kenya to assess and compare five key ecological and social components of the vulnerability of coastal social-ecological systems to temperature induced coral mortality [specifically: 1) environmental exposure; 2) ecological sensitivity; 3) ecological recovery potential; 4) social sensitivity; and 5) social adaptive capacity]. We examined whether ecological components of vulnerability varied between government operated no-take marine reserves, community-based reserves, and openly fished areas. Overall, fished sites were marginally more vulnerable than community-based and government marine reserves. Social sensitivity was indicated by the occupational composition of each community, including the importance of fishing relative to other occupations, as well as the susceptibility of different fishing gears to the effects of coral bleaching on target fish species. Key components of social adaptive capacity varied considerably between the communities. Together, these results show that different communities have relative strengths and weaknesses in terms of social-ecological vulnerability to climate change.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 84321
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 25 Jan 2017 11:48
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 09:02
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/84321

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