Cognitive behavioural therapy : from face to face interaction to a broader contextual understanding of change

Jahoda, A. and Dagnan, D. and Kroese, B. Stenfert and Pert, C. and Trower, P. (2009) Cognitive behavioural therapy : from face to face interaction to a broader contextual understanding of change. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53. pp. 759-771. ISSN 0964-2633

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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is increasingly used to address the emotional and interpersonal problems of people with ID. There is a limited but promising evidence base supporting this activity. However, these individuals face real and continuing challenges in their lives that have implications for their self and interpersonal perceptions. These adversities have implications for the adaptation of CBT. First, it may mean that characteristically negative perceptions may be more common and may be the result of a complex interaction with a truly aversive environment and should not simply be considered as cognitive distortions. Secondly, clients may have limited control over their everyday lives, with limited opportunity to negotiate change with their informal and formal sources of support. This review suggests that it is important to consider the interpersonal context of therapy both to ensure effective work within sessions and to enable real change in clients' everyday lives. The review draws upon Vygotsky's theory of the zone of proximal development and ecological models of change to consider the challenges of establishing collaborative relationships and the potential to use CBT within a broad psychosocial model. The aim is to offer a helpful framework for practitioners and to identify directions for future research.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? intellectual disabilitypsychotherapeutic interventionssocial inclusionintellectual disabilitiesmental-retardationlearning-disabilitiespeopleindividualsinterventionsadultsselfpsychotherapydepressionclinical neurologyrehabilitationpsychiatry and mental heal ??
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24 Jan 2017 15:04
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 16:34