Activated mutant NRas(Q61K) drives aberrant melanocyte signaling, survival, and invasiveness via a Rac1-dependent mechanism

Li, Ang and Ma, Yafeng and Jin, Meng and Mason, Susan and Mort, Richard L. and Blyth, Karen and Larue, Lionel and Sansom, Owen J. and Machesky, Laura M. (2012) Activated mutant NRas(Q61K) drives aberrant melanocyte signaling, survival, and invasiveness via a Rac1-dependent mechanism. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 132 (11). pp. 2610-2621. ISSN 0022-202X

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Abstract

Around a fifth of melanomas exhibit an activating mutation in the oncogene NRas that confers constitutive signaling to proliferation and promotes tumor initiation. NRas signals downstream of the major melanocyte tyrosine kinase receptor c-kit and activated NRas results in increased signaling via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/MAPK/ERK kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways to enhance proliferation. The Ras oncogene also activates signaling via the related Rho GTPase Rac1, which can mediate growth, survival, and motility signaling. We tested the effects of activated NRas(Q61K) on the proliferation, motility, and invasiveness of melanoblasts and melanocytes in the developing mouse and ex vivo explant culture as well as in a melanoma transplant model. We find an important role for Rac1 downstream of NRas(Q61K) in mediating dermal melanocyte survival in vivo in mouse, but surprisingly NRas(Q61K) does not appear to affect melanoblast motility or proliferation during mouse embryogenesis. We also show that genetic deletion or pharmacological inhibition of Rac1 in NRas(Q61K) induced melanoma suppresses tumor growth, lymph node spread, and tumor cell invasiveness, suggesting a potential value for Rac1 as a therapeutic target for activated NRas-driven tumor growth and invasiveness.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2708
Subjects:
ID Code:
84129
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
20 Jan 2017 14:21
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
28 Nov 2020 04:21