Measurement of α-particle quenching in LAB based scintillator in independent small-scale experiments

Krosigk, B. von and Chen, M. and Hans, S. and Junghans, A. R. and Kögler, T. and Kraus, C. and Kuckert, L. and Liu, X and Nolte, R. and O'Keeffe, Helen Mary and Tseung, H. Wan Chan and Wilson, J. R. and Wright, A. and Yeh, M. and Zuber, K. (2016) Measurement of α-particle quenching in LAB based scintillator in independent small-scale experiments. European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields, 76 (3). ISSN 1434-6044

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The α-particle light response of liquid scintillators based on linear alkylbenzene (LAB) has been measured with three different experimental approaches. In the first approach, α-particles were produced in the scintillator via 12C(n,α)9Be reactions. In the second approach, the scintillator was loaded with 2 % of natSm providing an α-emitter, 147Sm, as an internal source. In the third approach, a scintillator flask was deployed into the water-filled SNO+ detector and the radioactive contaminants 222Rn, 218Po and 214Po provided the α-particle signal. The behavior of the observed α-particle light outputs are in agreement with each case successfully described by Birks’ law. The resulting Birks parameter kB ranges from (0.0066±0.0016) to (0.0076±0.0003) cm/MeV. In the first approach, the α-particle light response was measured simultaneously with the light response of recoil protons produced via neutron–proton elastic scattering. This enabled a first time a direct comparison of kB describing the proton and the α-particle response of LAB based scintillator. The observed kB values describing the two light response functions deviate by more than 5σ. The presented results are valuable for all current and future detectors, using LAB based scintillator as target, since they depend on an accurate knowledge of the scintillator response to different particles.

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European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields
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17 Jan 2017 11:04
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17 Sep 2023 02:01