Remote sensing of mesospheric dust layers using active modulation of PMWE by high-power radio waves

Mahmoudian, A. and Mohebalhojeh, A. R. and Farahani, M. M. and Scales, W. A. and Kosch, Michael Jurgen (2017) Remote sensing of mesospheric dust layers using active modulation of PMWE by high-power radio waves. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122 (1). pp. 843-856. ISSN 2169-9402

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Abstract

This paper presents the first study of the modulation of polar mesospheric winter echoes (PMWE) by artificial radio wave heating using computational modeling and experimental observation in different radar frequency bands. The temporal behavior of PMWE response to HF pump heating can be employed to diagnose the charged dust layer associated with mesospheric smoke particles. Specifically, the rise and fall time of radar echo strength as well as relaxation and recovery time after heater turn-on and turnoff are distinct parameters that are a function of radar frequency. The variation of PMWE strength with PMWE source region parameters such as electron-neutral collision frequency, photodetachment current, electron temperature enhancement ratio, dust density, and radius is considered. The comparison of recent PMWE measurements at 56 MHz and 224 MHz with computational results is discussed, and dust parameters in the PMWE generation regime are estimated. Predictions for HF PMWE modification and its connection to the dust charging process by free electrons is investigated. The possibility for remote sensing of dust and plasma parameters in artificially modified PMWE regions using simultaneous measurements in multiple frequency bands are discussed. © 2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Subjects:
ID Code:
83991
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Feb 2017 16:44
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 Jul 2020 05:03