Breastfeeding, pregnant, and non-breastfeeding nor pregnant women's food consumption:a matched within-household analysis in India

Fledderjohann, Jasmine and Vellakkal, Sukumar and Stuckler, David (2016) Breastfeeding, pregnant, and non-breastfeeding nor pregnant women's food consumption:a matched within-household analysis in India. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare : Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives, 7. pp. 70-77. ISSN 1877-5756

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Promoting breastfeeding is major maternal and child health goal in India. It is unclear whether mothers receive additional food needed to support healthy breastfeeding. METHODS: Using the latest National Family and Health Survey (2005-2006), we applied multilevel linear regression models to document correlates of nutrition for (n = 20,764) breastfeeding women. We then compared consumption of pulses, eggs, meat, fish, dairy, fruit, and vegetables across a sample of breastfeeding, non-breastfeeding/pregnant (NBP), and pregnant women (n = 3,409) matched within households and five-year age bands. We tested whether breastfeeding women had greater advantages in the 18 high-focus states of India's National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). RESULTS: Vegetarianism, caste, and religion were the strongest predictors of breastfeeding women's nutrition. Breastfeeding women had no nutritional advantage compared to NBP women, and were disadvantaged in their consumption of milk (b = -0.14) in low-focus states. Pregnant women were similarly disadvantaged in their consumption of milk in low-focus states (b = -0.32), but consumed vegetables more frequently (b = 0.12) than NBP women in high-focus states. CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding women do not receive nutritional advantages compared to NBP women. Targeted effort is needed to assess and improve nutritional adequacy for breastfeeding Indian women.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare : Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Additional Information:
Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2900/2913
Subjects:
ID Code:
83885
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Jan 2017 15:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Aug 2020 04:42