Methods to estimate changes in soil water for phenotyping root activity in the field

Whalley, William R. and Binley, Andrew Mark and Watts, C. W. and Shanahan, Peter and Dodd, Ian Charles and Ober, E. S. and Ashton, R. W. and Webster, C. P. and White, R. P. and Hawkesford, Malcolm J. (2017) Methods to estimate changes in soil water for phenotyping root activity in the field. Plant and Soil, 415 (1-2). pp. 407-422. ISSN 0032-079X

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Background and Aims There is an urgent need to develop new high throughput approaches to phenotype roots in the field. Excavating roots to make direct measurements is labour intensive. An alternative to excavation is to measure soil drying profiles and to infer root activity. Methods We grew 23 lines of wheat in 2013, 2014 and 2015. In each year we estimated soil water profiles with electrical resistance tomography (ERT), electromagnetic inductance (EMI), penetrometer measurements and measurements of soil water content. We determined the relationships between the measured variable and soil water content and matric potential. Results We found that ERT and penetrometer measurements were closely related to soil matric potential and produced the best discrimination between wheat lines. We found genotypic differences in depth of water uptake in soil water profiles and in the extent of surface drying. Conclusions Penetrometer measurements can provide a reliable approach to comparing soil drying profiles by different wheat lines, and genotypic rankings are repeatable across years. EMI, which is more sensitive to soil water content than matric potential, and is less effective in drier soils than the penetrometer or ERT, nevertheless can be used to rapidly screen large populations for differences in root activity.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Plant and Soil
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1111
Subjects:
ID Code:
83752
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Dec 2016 15:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Sep 2020 03:15