The Bulge Radial Velocity Assay (BRAVA):I. Sample selection and a rotation curve

Howard, Christian D. and Rich, R. Michael and Reitzel, David B. and Koch, Andreas and Propris, Roberto de and Zhao, HongSheng (2008) The Bulge Radial Velocity Assay (BRAVA):I. Sample selection and a rotation curve. The Astrophysical Journal, 688 (2). pp. 1060-1077. ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

Results from the ongoing Bulge Radial Velocity Assay (BRAVA) are presented. BRAVA uses M red giant stars, selected from the 2MASS catalog to lie within a bound of reddening-corrected color and luminosity, as targets for the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory 4 m Hydra multiobject spectrograph. Three years of observations investigate the kinematics of the Galactic bulge major (–10° < l < + 10°, b = − 4°) and minor (–6° < b < + 5°, -0.4° < l < 0.0°) axes with ~3300 radial velocities from 32 bulge fields and one disk field. We construct a longitude-velocity plot for the bulge stars and find that, contrary to previous studies, the bulge does not rotate as a solid body; from –4° < l < + 4° the rotation curve has a slope of roughly 100 km s−1 kpc−1 and flattens considerably at greater l, reaching a maximum rotation of 75 km s−1. We compare our rotation curve and velocity dispersion profile both to the self-consistent model of Zhao and to N-body models; neither fits both our observed rotation curve and velocity dispersion profile. We place the bulge on the plot of Vmax/σ vs. epsilon and find that the bulge lies near the oblate rotator line and very close to the parameters of NGC 4565, an edge-on spiral galaxy with a bulge similar to that of the Milky Way. We find that our summed velocity distribution of bulge stars appears to be sampled from a Gaussian distribution, with σ = 116 ± 2 km s−1 for our full data set. Two candidate cold streams are not confirmed with additional data.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: The Astrophysical Journal
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 83436
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 05 Dec 2016 11:14
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 09:11
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/83436

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