Compressive loading of the murine tibia reveals site-specific micro-scale differences in adaptation and maturation rates of bone

Bergström, Ingrid and Kerns, Jemma Gillian and Törnqvist, Anna and Perdikouri, Cristina and Mathavan, Neashan and Koskela, Antti and Henriksson, Helena and Tuukkanen, Juha and Andersson, Goran and Isaksson, Hanna and Goodship, Allen and Windahl, Sara (2017) Compressive loading of the murine tibia reveals site-specific micro-scale differences in adaptation and maturation rates of bone. Osteoporosis International, 28 (3). pp. 1121-1131. ISSN 0937-941X

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Abstract

Summary: Loading increases bone mass and strength in a site-specific manner; however, possible effects of loading on bone matrix composition have not been evaluated. Site specific structural and material properties of mouse bone were analyzed on the macro- and micro/molecular scale in the presence and absence of axial loading. The response of bone to load is heterogeneous, adapting at molecular, micro- and macro-levels. Purpose/Introduction: Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease resulting in reduced bone mineral density, structure and strength. The overall aim was to explore the hypothesis that changes in loading environment result in site-specific adaptations at molecular/micro- and macro- scale in mouse bone. Methods: Right tibiae of adult mice were subjected to well-defined cyclic axial loading for two weeks; left tibiae were used as physiologically loaded controls. The bones were analyzed with µCT (structure), reference point indentation (material properties), Raman spectroscopy (chemical) and small angle X-ray scattering (mineral crystallization and structure). Results: The cranial and caudal sites of tibiae are structurally and biochemically different within control bones. In response to loading, cranial and caudal sites increase in cortical thickness with reduced mineralization (-14% and –3%, p<0.01, respectively) and crystallinity (-1.4% and –0.3%, p<0.05 respectively). Along the length of the loaded bones, collagen content becomes more heterogeneous on the caudal site and the mineral:collagen increases distally at both sites. Conclusion: Bone structure and composition are heterogeneous, finely tuned, adaptive and site specifically responsive at the micro-scale to maintain optimal function. Manipulation of this heterogeneity may affect bone strength, relative to specific applied loads.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Osteoporosis International
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2712
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 83350
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 05 Jan 2017 15:52
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2019 01:53
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/83350

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