Family and gender values in China:generational, geographic, and gender differences

Hu, Yang and Scott, Jacqueline (2016) Family and gender values in China:generational, geographic, and gender differences. Journal of Family Issues, 37 (9). pp. 1267-1293. ISSN 0192-513X

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Previous research has reported on structural changes in Chinese families. However, questions remain as to whether/how social change has influenced family and gender values and how this differs across generations, regions, and gender in China. Drawing on 2006 data from the China General Social Survey, we find that values pertaining to filial piety are traditional, whereas patrilineal and gender values are less traditional. Historic events/policies provide the context for how social change can shape differential generational, geographic, and gender perspectives. Our hypothesis that generation, region, and gender associations will differ across the various ideational domains is confirmed. We find significant interaction effects in how generation and geography differ by gender in patrilineal, filial piety, and gender values; and higher education erodes patrilineal and traditional gender values but enhances filial piety. Such findings indicate that family values should be understood in the specific sociocultural contexts governing Chinese families across time and place.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Family Issues
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22 Nov 2016 14:36
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2023 01:26