Characterising the biological response to ultraviolet radiation

Steel, Harriet and Allinson, Sarah (2016) Characterising the biological response to ultraviolet radiation. PhD thesis, Lancaster University.

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Once considered fairly harmless due to its low energy UVA is now considered a class one carcinogen, the ability of UVA alone to induce Non-melanoma skin cancer is well accepted and although more controversial there is now significant evidence from epidemiological studies and animal models to suggest a role for UVA in the development of melanoma. Furthermore due to its high penetrance UVA is thought to play a larger role in photoaging than UVB. Despite this current sum protection methods assess UVA protection only as a ratio of UVA: UVB that is blocked by the sun cream. Therefore it is desirable to have a more biologically relevant method to assess UVA protection offered by a sun cream. The work in this thesis focuses on the identification of a robust biomarker of UVA exposure, with the aim to identify biomarkers of UVA that could be used to assess the protection offered by different sun creams in order to develop a method in assessing protection similar to SPF that is currently used for UVB. The primary focus was on looking at the DNA damage response following UVA irradiation, and the data presented here shows distinct differences in the mechanism underpinning the DNA damage response in directly irradiated cells and in the UVA bystander cells. The response following UVA has also been shown to be distinct to that following UVB irradiation, both in terms of the DDR and apoptosis induction.

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Thesis (PhD)
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18 Nov 2016 14:26
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 05:37