Perceptions of safety and exposure to violence in public places among working age adults with disabilities or long-term health conditions in the UK:cross sectional study

Emerson, Eric Broughton and Krnjacki, Lauren and Llewellyn, Gwynnyth and Vaughan, Cathy and Kavanagh, Anne (2016) Perceptions of safety and exposure to violence in public places among working age adults with disabilities or long-term health conditions in the UK:cross sectional study. Public Health, 135. pp. 91-96. ISSN 0033-3506

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Abstract

ObjectivesTo examine perceptions of safety and exposure to violence in public places among working age adults with and without disabilities in the UK and to assess the extent to which any between-group differences may be moderated by gender and socio-economic situation.  Study designCross-sectional study. MethodsSecondary analysis of data collected in Wave 3 (2011-13) of Understanding Society. Data were extracted on a subsample of 5,069 respondents aged 16 to 64 (28% of whom had a disability/long-term health condition) who were administered a questionnaire module addressing experiences of harassment. Between-group comparisons were made on four self-reported indicators of safety. ResultsRespondents with disabilities/long-term health conditions were significantly more likely to have been attacked (adjusted OR 2.30, 95%CI(1.17-4.50), p<0.05), insulted (adjusted OR 1.48, 95%CI (1.16-1.90), p<0.01) and to feel unsafe in public places (adjusted OR 1.32, 95%CI(1.16-1.56), p<0.01) over the previous 12 months. There were no statistically significant differences between groups with regard to self-reported avoidance of public places. These associations were moderated by both gender and poverty status, with the increased risk of exposure to violence among people with disabilities being greater for both women and people living in poverty. ConclusionsThe data add further support to the growing evidence base suggesting that people with a disability/long-term health condition are at significantly increased risk of exposure to interpersonal violence, particularly if they are living in poverty or are women. As such, there is a clear need to develop interventions that are targeted to the particular circumstances and needs of these high risk groups.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Public Health
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Public Health. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Public Health, 135, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j/puhe.2015.10.036
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2739
Subjects:
ID Code:
82992
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Nov 2016 10:28
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Sep 2020 04:20