Overweight and obesity among children at risk of intellectual disability in 20 low and middle income countries

Savage, A. and Emerson, Eric (2016) Overweight and obesity among children at risk of intellectual disability in 20 low and middle income countries. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60 (11). pp. 1128-1135. ISSN 1365-2788

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Abstract

Background Children with intellectual disability (ID) in high income countries are at significantly greater risk of obesity than their non-disabled peers. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 3 to 4-year-old children who are/are not at risk of ID in low and middle income countries. Method Secondary analysis of Round 4 and 5 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 20 low and middle income countries that included a total of 83 597 3 to 4-year-old children. Results Few differences in risk of overweight or obesity were apparent between 3 and 4-year-old children identified as being at risk/not at risk of ID in 20 low and middle income countries. In the two countries where statistically significant differences were observed, prevalence of overweight/obesity was lower among children at risk of ID. Conclusions These results stand in stark contrast to evidence from high income countries which suggest that children with ID are at significantly increased risk of obesity when compared to their non-intellectually disabled peers.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Savage, A., and Emerson, E. (2016) Overweight and obesity among children at risk of intellectual disability in 20 low and middle income countries. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60: 1128–1135. doi: 10.1111/jir.12309 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jir.12309/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2808
Subjects:
ID Code:
82916
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Nov 2016 09:32
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Sep 2020 03:16