From poachers to protectors:engaging local communities in solutions to illegal wildlife trade

Cooney, Rosie and Roe, Dilys and Dublin, Holly and Phelps, Jacob Wesley and Wilkie, David and Keane, Aidan and Travers, Henry and Skinner, Diane and Challender, Daniel W. S. and Allan, James R. (2017) From poachers to protectors:engaging local communities in solutions to illegal wildlife trade. Conservation Letters, 10 (3). pp. 367-374. ISSN 1755-263X

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Combating the surge of illegal wildlife trade (IWT) devastating wildlife populations is an urgent global priority for conservation. There are increasing policy commitments to take action at the local community level as part of effective responses. However, there is scarce evidence that in practice such interventions are being pursued and there is scant understanding regarding how they can help. Here we set out a conceptual framework to guide efforts to effectively combat IWT through actions at community level. This framework is based on articulating the net costs and benefits involved in supporting conservation versus supporting IWT, and how these incentives are shaped by anti-IWT interventions. Using this framework highlights the limitations of an exclusive focus on "top-down," enforcement-led responses to IWT. These responses can distract from a range of other approaches that shift incentives for local people toward supporting conservation rather than IWT, as well as in some cases actually decrease the net incentives in favor of wildlife conservation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Conservation Letters
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2309
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 82841
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 17 Nov 2016 15:14
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 03:29

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