Failure of further learning:activities, structure, and meaning

Fritz, Catherine O'Dell and Morris, Peter Edwin and Reid, Barbara and Aghdassi, Roya and Naven, Claire E. (2015) Failure of further learning:activities, structure, and meaning. British Journal of Psychology, 106 (1). pp. 22-45. ISSN 0007-1269

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Abstract

Previous research has shown that little benefit is achieved through spaced study and recall of text passages after the first recall attempt, an effect that we term the failure-of-further-learning. We hypothesized that the effect occurs because a situation model of the text's gist is formed when the text is first comprehended and is consolidated when recalled; it dominates later recall after verbatim memories of more recent study episodes have been lost. Experiments 1 and 2 attempted to circumvent the effect by varying the activities of participants and requiring interactive exploration. In both experiments, recall after four, weekly sessions showed little benefit beyond performance on the first recall. Experiment 3 interfered with the formation of an immediate situation model by introducing passages that were hard to comprehend without a title. Performance improved substantially across four sessions when titles were not supplied, but the standard effect was replicated when titles were given. Experiment 4 made verbatim memories available by incorporating all re-presentations and tests into one session; as predicted, recall improved over successive tests.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
British Journal of Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200
Subjects:
ID Code:
82742
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Nov 2016 16:26
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 10:02