An approach for characterizing workloads in Google Cloud to derive realistic resource utilization models

Moreno, Ismael Solis and Garraghan, Peter and Townend, Paul (2013) An approach for characterizing workloads in Google Cloud to derive realistic resource utilization models. In: 2013 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Service Oriented System Engineering (SOSE). IEEE, pp. 49-60. ISBN 9780769549446

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Analyzing behavioral patterns of workloads is critical to understanding Cloud computing environments. However, until now only a limited number of real-world Cloud data center trace logs have been available for analysis. This has led to a lack of methodologies to capture the diversity of patterns that exist in such datasets. This paper presents the first large-scale analysis of real-world Cloud data, using a recently released dataset that features traces from over 12,000 servers over the period of a month. Based on this analysis, we develop a novel approach for characterizing workloads that for the first time considers Cloud workload in the context of both user and task in order to derive a model to capture resource estimation and utilization patterns. The derived model assists in understanding the relationship between users and tasks within workload, and enables further work such as resource optimization, energy-efficiency improvements, and failure correlation. Additionally, it provides a mechanism to create patterns that randomly fluctuate based on realistic parameters. This is critical to emulating dynamic environments instead of statically replaying records in the trace log. Our approach is evaluated by contrasting the logged data against simulation experiments, and our results show that the derived model parameters correctly describe the operational environment within a 5% of error margin, confirming the great variability of patterns that exist in Cloud computing.

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25 Oct 2016 14:34
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11 Mar 2020 08:50