Dissolved phosphorus retention in buffer strips: Influence of slope and soil type

Darch, Tegan and Carswell, A. and Blackwell, Martin S. A. and Hawkins, J. M. B. and Haygarth, Philip Matthew and Chadwick, David (2015) Dissolved phosphorus retention in buffer strips: Influence of slope and soil type. Journal of Environmental Quality, 44 (4). pp. 1216-1224. ISSN 0047-2425

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Abstract

Phosphorus (P) contributes to eutrophication of surface waters and buffer strips may be implemented to reduce its transfer from agricultural sources to watercourses. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that soil type and slope influence the retention of dissolved organic P and inorganic orthophosphate in agricultural runoff in 2-m-wide buffer strip soils. A solution, comprised of dissolved orthophosphate and the organic P compounds glucose-1-phosphate, RNA, and inositol hexakisphosphate (1.8 mg L−1 total P) and a chloride tracer, was applied as simulated overland flow to grassland soil blocks (2 m long × 0.5 m wide × 0.35 m deep), containing intact clay or loam soils, at slope angles of 2, 5, and 10°. Phosphorus forms were determined in the surface and subsurface flow from the soil blocks. Slope had no significant effect on the hydrological behavior of the soil blocks or on the retention of any form of P at the water application rate tested. The clay soil retained 60% of the unreactive P and 21% of the reactive P applied. The loam soil retained 74% of the unreactive P applied but was a net source of reactive P (the load increased by 61%). This indicates leaching of native soil P or hydrolysis of organic compounds and complicates our understanding of P retention in buffer strip soils. Our results suggest that a 2-m buffer strip may be more effective for reducing dissolved unreactive P transfers to surface waters than for reducing the eutrophication risk posed by dissolved reactive P.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Environmental Quality
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2311
Subjects:
ID Code:
82387
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Oct 2016 11:14
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Feb 2020 03:26