Uncertainty evaluation of the diffusive gradients in thin films technique

Kreuzeder, Andreas and Santner, Jakob and Zhang, Hao and Prohaska, Thomas and Wenzel, Walter W. (2015) Uncertainty evaluation of the diffusive gradients in thin films technique. Environmental Science and Technology, 49 (3). pp. 1594-1602. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Although the analytical performance of the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique is well investigated, there is no systematic analysis of the DGT measurement uncertainty and its sources. In this study we determine the uncertainties of bulk DGT measurements (not considering labile complexes) and of DGT-based chemical imaging using laser ablation - inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. We show that under well-controlled experimental conditions the relative combined uncertainties of bulk DGT measurements are ∼10% at a confidence interval of 95%. While several factors considerably contribute to the uncertainty of bulk DGT, the uncertainty of DGT LA-ICP-MS mainly depends on the signal variability of the ablation analysis. The combined uncertainties determined in this study support the use of DGT as a monitoring instrument. It is expected that the analytical requirements of legal frameworks, for example, the EU Drinking Water Directive, are met by DGT sampling.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Science and Technology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600
Subjects:
ID Code:
82374
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Oct 2016 10:14
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Sep 2020 03:16