Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere

Aschmann, J. and Sinnhuber, B-M. and Chipperfield, M. P. and Hossaini, R. (2011) Impact of deep convection and dehydration on bromine loading in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (6). pp. 2671-2687. ISSN 1680-7316

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Abstract

Stratospheric bromine loading due to very short-lived substances is investigated with a three-dimensional chemical transport model over a period of 21 years using meteorological input data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ERA-Interim reanalysis from 1989 to the end of 2009. Within this framework we analyze the impact of dehydration and deep convection on the amount of stratospheric bromine using an idealized and a detailed full chemistry approach. We model the two most important brominated short-lived substances, bromoform (CHBr3) and dibromomethane (CH2Br2), assuming a uniform convective detrainment mixing ratio of 1 part per trillion by volume (pptv) for both species. The contribution of very short-lived substances to stratospheric bromine varies drastically with the applied dehydration mechanism and the associated scavenging of soluble species ranging from 3.4 pptv in the idealized setup up to 5 pptv using the full chemistry scheme. In the latter case virtually the entire amount of bromine originating from very short-lived source gases is able to reach the stratosphere thus rendering the impact of dehydration and scavenging on inorganic bromine in the tropopause insignificant. Furthermore, our long-term calculations show that the mixing ratios of very short-lived substances are strongly correlated to convective activity, i.e. intensified convection leads to higher amounts of very short-lived substances in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere especially under extreme conditions like El Niño seasons. However, this does not apply to the inorganic brominated product gases whose concentrations are anti-correlated to convective activity mainly due to convective dilution and possible scavenging, depending on the applied approach.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1902
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 82364
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 24 Oct 2016 09:28
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 09:50
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/82364

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