The role of verbal labels on flexible memory retrieval at 12-months of age

Taylor, Gemma and Liu, Hao and Herbert, Jane S. (2016) The role of verbal labels on flexible memory retrieval at 12-months of age. Infant Behavior and Development, 45 (Part A). pp. 11-17. ISSN 0163-6383

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The provision of verbal labels enhances 12-month-old infants’ memory flexibility across a form change in a puppet imitation task (Herbert, 2011), although the mechanisms for this effect remain unclear. Here we investigate whether verbal labels can scaffold flexible memory retrieval when task difficulty increases and consider the mechanism responsible for the effect of language cues on early memory flexibility. Twelve-month-old infants were provided with English, Chinese, or empty language cues during a difficult imitation task, a combined change in the puppet’s colour and form at the test (Hayne et al., 1997). Imitation performance by infants in the English language condition only exceeded baseline performance after the 10-min delay. Thus, verbal labels facilitated flexible memory retrieval on this task. There were no correlations between infants’ language comprehension and imitation performance. Thus, it is likely that verbal labels facilitate both attention and categorisation during encoding and retrieval.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Infant Behavior and Development
Additional Information:
Author no longer at Lancaster
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? memory flexibilitymemory developmentimitationinfantdevelopmental and educational psychology ??
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Deposited On:
12 Oct 2016 15:50
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 16:26