Implicit alcohol-related expectancies and the effect of context

Monk, Rebecca and Pennington, Charlotte Rebecca and Campbell, Claire and Heim, Derek (2016) Implicit alcohol-related expectancies and the effect of context. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 77 (5). pp. 819-827.

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Objective: The current study examined the impact of varying pictorial cues and testing contexts on implicit alcohol-related expectancies. Method: Seventy-six participants were assigned randomly to complete an Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) in either a pub or lecture context. The IRAP exposed participants to pictorial cues that depicted an alcoholic beverage in the foreground of a pub (alcohol-congruent stimuli) or university lecture theater (alcohol-incongruent stimuli), and participants were required to match both positive and negative alcohol-related outcome expectancies to these stimuli. Corresponding to a 4 × 2 design, IRAP trial types were included in the analysis as repeated-measure variables, whereas testing environment was input as a between-participants variable. Results: Participants more readily endorsed that drinking alcohol was related to positive expectancies when responding to alcohol-congruent stimuli, and this was strengthened when participants completed the task in a pub. Moreover, they more readily confirmed that alcohol was related to negative expectancies when responding to alcohol-incongruent stimuli. Conclusions: These findings suggest that alcohol-related cues and environmental contexts may be a significant driver of positive alcohol-related cognitions, which may have implications for the design of interventions. They emphasize further the importance of examining implicit cognitions in ecologically valid testing contexts.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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Deposited On:
12 Oct 2016 13:36
Last Modified:
18 Oct 2023 01:08