Investigating the construct measured by banked gap-fill items:evidence from eye-tracking

McCray, Gareth and Brunfaut, Tineke (2018) Investigating the construct measured by banked gap-fill items:evidence from eye-tracking. Language Testing, 35 (1). pp. 51-73. ISSN 0265-5322

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Abstract

This study investigates test-takers’ processing while completing banked gap-fill tasks, designed to test reading proficiency, in order to test theoretically based expectations about the variation in cognitive processes of test-takers across levels of performance. Twenty-eight test-takers’ eye traces on 24 banked gap-fill items (on six tasks) were analysed according to seven on-line eye-tracking measures representing overall, text and task processing. Variation in processing was related to test-takers’ level of performance on the tasks overall. In particular, as hypothesised, lower-scoring students exerted more cognitive effort on local reading and lower-level cognitive processing in contrast to test-takers who attained higher scores. The findings of different cognitive processes associated with variation in scores illuminate the construct measured by banked gap-fill items, and therefore have implications for test design and the validity of score interpretations.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Language Testing
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3301
Subjects:
ID Code:
82110
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
11 Oct 2016 08:52
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 Apr 2020 03:40