Exploring orthographic neighborhood size effects in a computational model of Chinese character naming

Chang, Ya-Ning and Welbourne, Stephen and Lee, Chia-Ying (2016) Exploring orthographic neighborhood size effects in a computational model of Chinese character naming. Cognitive Psychology, 91. pp. 1-23. ISSN 0010-0285

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Orthographic neighborhood (N) size effects have been extensively studied in English consistently producing a facilitatory effect in word naming tasks. In contrast, several recent studies on Chinese character naming have demonstrated an inhibitory effect of neighborhood size. Response latencies tend to be inhibited by inconsistent characters with large neighborhoods relative to small neighborhoods. These differences in neighborhood effects between languages may depend on the characteristics (depth) of the mapping between orthography and phonology. To explore this, we first conducted a behavioral experiment to investigate the relationship between neighborhood size, consistency and reading response. The results showed an inhibitory effect of neighborhood size for inconsistent characters but a facilitatory effect for consistent characters. We then developed two computational models based on parallel distributed processing principles to try and capture the nature of the processing that leads to these results in Chinese character naming. Simulations using models based on the triangle model of reading indicated that consistency and neighborhood size interact with the division of labor between semantics and phonology to produce these effects.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Cognitive Psychology
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Cognitive Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Cognitive Psychology, 91, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2016.09.001
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? orthographic neighborhood sizephonetic radical neighborsconsistencychinese character namingsemanticscomputational modelingartificial intelligenceneuropsychology and physiological psychologylinguistics and languageexperimental and cognitive psychologydevel ??
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Deposited On:
10 Oct 2016 15:16
Last Modified:
18 Jun 2024 00:19