Coherent soft particle production in Z decays into three jets

DELPHI Collaboration, The and Borissov, Guennadi V. and Sopczak, Andre (2005) Coherent soft particle production in Z decays into three jets. Physics Letters B, 605 (1-2). pp. 37-48. ISSN 0370-2693

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Low-energy particle production perpendicular to the event plane in three-jet events produced in Z decays in e+e− annihilation is measured and compared to that perpendicular to the event axis in two-jet events. The topology dependence of the hadron production ratio is found to agree with a leading-order QCD prediction. This agreement and especially the need for the presence of a destructive interference term gives evidence for the coherent nature of gluon radiation. Hadron production in three-jet events is found to be directly proportional to a single topological scale function of the inter-jet angles. The slope of the dependence of the multiplicity with respect to the topological scale was measured to be 2.211±0.014(stat.)±0.053(syst.) in good agreement with the expectation given by the colour-factor ratio CA/CF=9/4. This result strongly supports the assumption of local parton–hadron duality, LPHD, at low hadron momentum.

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Journal Article
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Physics Letters B
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08 Oct 2016 00:06
Last Modified:
19 Sep 2023 00:05