Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity

Kneip, S. and Nagel, S. R. and Bellei, C. and Bourgeois, N. and Dangor, A. E. and Gopal, A. and Heathcote, R. and Mangles, S. P. D. and Marques, J. R. and Maksimchuk, A. and Nilson, P. M. and Phuoc, K. Ta and Reed, S. and Tzoufras, M. and Tsung, F. S. and Willingale, L. and Mori, W. B. and Rousse, A. and Krushelnick, K. and Najmudin, Z. (2008) Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity. Physical review letters, 100 (10). ISSN 0031-9007

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Abstract

The dynamics of plasma electrons in the focus of a petawatt laser beam are studied via measurements of their x-ray synchrotron radiation. With increasing laser intensity, a forward directed beam of x rays extending to 50 keV is observed. The measured x rays are well described in the synchrotron asymptotic limit of electrons oscillating in a plasma channel. The critical energy of the measured synchrotron spectrum is found to scale as the Maxwellian temperature of the simultaneously measured electron spectra. At low laser intensity transverse oscillations are negligible as the electrons are predominantly accelerated axially by the laser generated wakefield. At high laser intensity, electrons are directly accelerated by the laser and enter a highly radiative regime with up to 5% of their energy converted into x rays.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical review letters
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100
Subjects:
ID Code:
81935
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Oct 2016 04:09
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Mar 2020 04:40